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 Post subject: Generator Basics
PostPosted: Fri Jun 08, 2007 4:29 am 
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Joined: Tue Nov 21, 2006 2:42 pm
Posts: 2449
:!: Very Good information on Generators can be found here:

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http://www.flutrackers.com/forum/showthread.php?t=4502

Post Topics include:
:arrow: Generator Basics FAQ

:arrow: SUPER QUIET INVERTER GENERATORS

:arrow: DIESEL GENERATORS

:arrow: How To Pick A Generator


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 Post subject: How Emergency Power Systems Work
PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 5:03 pm 
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by Marshall Brain

http://home.howstuffworks.com/emergency-power3.htm

[snip] Generator
An engine-powered generator is an easy way to supply your house with emergency power.
They are relatively inexpensive (typical price for a 5,000-watt generator ranges between $600
and $1,200), produce clean, 120- or 240-volt sine-wave power, and consume only about a gallon
of gas every two hours or so (at 1,000-watt output). You can also purchase generators that run off
of diesel fuel or propane.

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A 5,000-watt gasoline-powered generator
This generator has a 10-horsepower engine and a 5,000-watt generator with a surge rating of 6,500 watts. The gas tank (black, mounted across the top of the frame) holds 7 gallons and runs about 12 hours at 1,000-watt usage levels. This generator produces 120-volt or 240-volt output. It is shown with its grounding cable and the 240-volt cable that plugs it into the house's circuit panel.


The disadvantages of engine-powered generators include:
    Fuel storage
    Noise (especially the less-expensive models)
    Engine maintenance


Fuel storage can be a nuisance -- gasoline cannot be stored for more than a month or so unless you use a fuel stabilizing chemical, and even then the shelf-life is relatively short. You need to rotate your inventory on a regular basis to avoid problems.
Here at the Brain household we have a 5,000-watt generator. We are able to run just about everything in the house -- including the well pump, water heater and refrigerator -- with the generator. The only thing we cannot run is the heat pump, so we have gas logs as a backup heat source. We do stagger our usage, but that is not a big problem for us. For example, we will run the refrigerator for an hour and then turn it off to run the well pump.


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 Post subject: FEMA: Install a Generator for Emergency Power
PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 5:12 pm 
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http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/howto/how2022.shtm

Download the PDF version of this page (69 KB)
http://www.fema.gov/library/file?type=p ... 1185636a87

What You Can Do
Protecting your business from disasters caused by natural hazards can involve a variety of actions, from inspecting and maintaining your buildings to installing protective devices. Most of these actions, especially those that affect the structure of your buildings or their utility systems, should be carried out by qualified maintenance staff or professional contractors licensed to work in your state, county, or city. One example of disaster protection is installing a generator to provide electricity during power outages.

Install a Generator for Emergency Power
Power outages are commonplace during disasters, and they may last for several days. As a result, even businesses that are not severely damaged can suffer losses because of the interruption of normal operations or the loss of perishable stock. You can reduce these losses and speed the recovery process by installing an emergency generator. First, determine which systems and equipment are essential to the continued operation of your business. They may include one or more of the following:
    Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems

    Industrial equipment and major appliances, such as refrigerators and freezers

    Lights (interior and exterior), computers, and other office equipment

    Pumps, including sump pumps, sprinkler system pumps, and well water pumps

    Alarm systems
Protecting your business from disasters caused by natural hazards can involve a variety of actions, from inspecting and maintaining your buildings to installing protective devices. Most of these actions, especially those that affect the structure of your buildings or their utility systems, should be carried out by qualified maintenance staff or professional contractors licensed to work in your state, county, or city. One example of disaster protection is installing a generator to provide electricity during power outages.

Once you have identified the essential systems and equipment, determine how much power they require. Then check with a generator sales representative regarding the appropriate size and type of generator. The sales representative can also help you select other components of the emergency power system, including the main transfer switch and the electrical panel.

Tips
Keep these points in mind when you select and install a generator:
    * Protect your generator and its fuel tank from flooding and high winds. In flood hazard areas, mount the generator and tank securely on concrete platforms, above the expected flood level. Install the generator and tank inside or next to a building or protective structure to shield them from wind and windborne debris. Electrical and fuel supply lines must also be protected. And remember that your generator must be accessible for maintenance and that exhaust gases must be routed to the outside if the generator is installed in an enclosed area.

    * Some systems and equipment may have to operate continuously (refrigerators for example), while others may be needed only during normal business hours (such as office equipment).

    * You will need more power to restart systems and equipment when the power fails than to continue operating them after startup. The generator you choose must be able to meet both of these needs. (You can minimize the power requirements for startup by starting individual systems and equipment in sequence rather than all at once.)

    * Before you buy a generator, ask your utility company if it has regulations that govern the use of emergency power equipment. Also, the installation of the generator and all wiring, switches, and other electrical components must meet the requirements of your local electrical code.

    * Be sure to maintain an adequate supply of fuel. Your sales representative should be able to tell you the generator’s rate of fuel consumption at various power output levels.

    * Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for routine maintenance of your generator.
Estimated Cost
The cost of a generator will depend on the types and amount of equipment and systems that need to be powered, the requirements of local codes and utility companies, the type of generator you choose and its specifications (amperage, voltage).

[b]Other Sources of Information[/b[list]]* Emergency Management Guide for Business & Industry, FEMA, 1996

* Engineering Principles and Practices for Retrofitting Flood-Prone Residential Structures, FEMA 259, 2001

* National Center for Appropriate Technology [/list]
Download Plug-in

Some of the links on this page require a plug-in to view them. Links to the plug-ins are available below.

Adobe Acrobat (PDF)

Last Modified: Tuesday, 04-Apr-2006 15:41:26 EDT

(Edited link location 01.25.2010)


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 Post subject: LSU Ag Center-Using Generators for Emergency Power
PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 5:28 pm 
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Joined: Tue Nov 21, 2006 2:42 pm
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http://www.lsuagcenter.com/en/family_ho ... ators+for+
Emergency+Power.htm

Using Generators for Emergency Power

Emergency generators are popular after disasters. They can help save food in freezers and refrigerators, but they can be dangerous if not used properly.

The capacity of a generator is usually stated in watts. For example, you may have a 2,000-watt generator. This is the same as a 2-kilowatt (K.W.) generator, because 1,000 watts is equal to 1 K.W.

Watts is an electrical term determined by multiplying volts times amps. For example, if an appliance requires 120 volts and uses 10 amps, this appliance requires 1,200 watts. This information is on the nameplate of the appliance. By this formula, you can determine what you can run on your generator. For example, an appliance that requires 1,200 watts and one requiring 600 watts could be run on a 2,000-watt generator; however, appliances with motors require more current to start than they do after they are running. A suggestion is to start a refrigerator, allow it to begin running and then plug in another appliance.

Simple Tips for Using Generators Safely
    * Gasoline engines produce carbon monoxide. Don’t run them in an enclosed area.
    * Check the oil level in the engine before using and regularly (for example, when refueling).

    * et the engine cool off before refueling.

    * The generator should be kept a safe distance from structures because of engine heat.

    * Place the generator on a level surface to keep oil at proper level in engine.

    * Water will damage generators as well as produce an electrical hazard, so keep the generator dry.

    * A voltage drop may occur if too long an extension cord is connected to the appliance or if one with too small a wire size is used. If the extension cord becomes very warm, it is inadequate.

    * Connect the generator directly to the appliance. You should not try to hook generators to your home electrical supply box.

    * Ground the generator as stated in the instructions. If you use an extension cord, use one with a ground plug.

    * Have the generator running before the A.C. circuit on the generator is turned on or before you plug in the appliance.

    * An appliance that has a heating element, such as a toaster or hair dryer, consumes a large amount of current. It’s best to avoid using these types of items.

    * If an appliance has gotten wet or damaged, it may not be in good working order. Using the appliance may damage the generator.

    * Some generators have the ability to produce 115/120 volts or 220 volts. Select the outlet that corresponds to the voltage requirement of the appliance.
For more information, contact your local Cooperative Extension Service office listed under local government in the telephone directory.

Author: Dr. Lynn Hannaman, Specialist, Engineering

Posted on: 3/29/2005 11:19:02 AM


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 Post subject: Re: Generator Basics
PostPosted: Thu Jan 28, 2010 4:25 pm 
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Joined: Tue Nov 21, 2006 2:42 pm
Posts: 2449
:!: DO NOT USE INDOORS :!:

Image Image Who is John Gall @ American Preppers Network

" .... highly recommend that you not run the generator in a garage. The generator will put out carbon monoxide (CO). You cannot see it, you cannot smell it, and it will kill you. I have lived in hurricane or typhoon country just about my whole life and have see it many times, first when I was an autopsy tech and now as an ER nurse. Pretty corpses.

If the garage is attached to the house, the answer should be no, period. You mentioned ventilation, but you also mentioned ice storms, etc. What if the ventilation becomes occluded with ice, snow, dirt, leaves, etc? What if a strong wind is blowing right at the vents? The CO will follow the path of least resistance and will probably end up in your bedroom. In fact, the CDC's recommendation (and ordinances in some areas) is that if you have a garage attached to the house you should have a CO detector inside of the house. If the garage is separated from the house, then maybe. Maybe you could safely run the generator in there, but beware that the entire structure could become filled with CO and that is what you will be walking into to service the generator.

Personally, I like one away from the house and other structures, or in a shed with a large door that I can open and allow it to air out. My mother has hers in a plastic Rubbermaid like box, with sides that can be pulled away when you run it so that they don't melt. I keep ours in the garage, but just for storage. After the storm passes I haul it into the backyard and build a shed around it with cider blocks and a plywood roof. I drove a big spike into the ground and chain the generator to it to discourage a 5 fingered discount."

MORE:

"The back porch might work, but you still have to be careful. Even having it in the open air is not always enough. I will admit that most of the people that I have cared for with carbon monoxide poisoning secondary to generator use had the generator going in the somewhere in the house (to include the garage, or my favorite: in the room next to the kids bedroom--fortunately all of those kids got better). However, I have read of families being poisoned by having their generator outside but too near their air conditioner. Through the night the a/c intake pulled in the fumes. Same with the intake of other ventilation systems. The CDC had an issue of the MMWR all but dedicated to carbon monoxide a few years ago, and they reported on a number of water skiers who sustained carbon monoxide poisoning while being pulled behind a gas powered boat! Generators and other internal combustion engines are great, but they can kill. Gotta use them with severe caution."


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 Post subject: Re: FEMA: Install a Generator for Emergency Power
PostPosted: Mon Oct 04, 2010 4:23 am 

Joined: Mon Oct 04, 2010 3:36 am
Posts: 1
Generators is powerful Industrial Equipment helpful to all homes and businesses. If there is an electricity interruption generators really help to power up lights and different appliances at homes. Business in big buildings are main users of generators because they uses electricity none stop for their computers and different office machines.


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 Post subject: Re: Generator Basics
PostPosted: Sun Nov 14, 2010 3:18 am 
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Joined: Tue Nov 21, 2006 2:42 pm
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Generator Basic Info

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Don’t discount a generator, especially a diesel generator, as your primary power source
http://www.backwoodshome.com/articles/thomsen28.html

By Skip Thomsen

Issue 28 Jul/Aug 1994


There are three major reasons that wind, solar or hydro-electric systems are impractical for some folks: not enough wind, too many cloudy days, and no stream. In that order.

What does that leave them with? Using a generator. Ugh? Not necessarily.

An independent energy system that uses a generator as its primary power source can be efficient and cost-effective in its initial setup. The key is to make it part of a system instead of a sole source of power.

Most important in making it part of a system is full utilization of the generator’s potential. A system that uses only a small portion of the generator’s capabilities and stores little or no power for the times when the generator is off-line is a disaster.

Managing and storing electricity are essential to success

There are two elements essential to the utilization of the generator’s potential:

* managing generator loads
* storing electricity. --- Continued at link, above ---

Includes:

    Gas vs. diesel
    Good generators . . .
    So what do you get for all that extra money?
    A used generator?
    Neighborhood power
    Keep it running forever
    In summary


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 Post subject: Re: Generator Basics
PostPosted: Thu Mar 14, 2013 5:24 pm 

Joined: Wed Feb 06, 2013 12:10 am
Posts: 1
We spent a lot of time taking a look for our generator and some guides that we found very helpful were as follows:

http://www.norwall.com/blog/generator-sizing-guides/

http://www.norwall.com/blog/informational-videos/

http://www.norwall.com/blog/generator-information/generator-fuel-choices/

These should help with some of the basics of generator sizing, fuel choices, and more.


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 Post subject: Re: Generator Basics
PostPosted: Mon Apr 22, 2013 2:34 pm 
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Joined: Tue Nov 21, 2006 2:42 pm
Posts: 2449
Carbon Monoxide-Safety

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Preventing Carbon Monoxide Poisoning After an Emergency
http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/cofacts.asp


HIGHLIGHTS

Generators, grills, camp stoves, or other gasoline, propane, natural gas, or charcoal-burning devices should never be used inside a home, basement, garage, or camper - or even outside near an open window.
Every home should have at least one working carbon monoxide detector. The detector’s batteries should be checked at least twice annually, at the same time smoke detector batteries are checked.


Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless gas that can cause sudden illness and death if inhaled.

When power outages occur during emergencies such as hurricanes or winter storms, the use of alternative sources of fuel or electricity for heating, cooling, or cooking can cause CO to build up in a home, garage, or camper and to poison the people and animals inside.

Every year, more than 400 people die in the U. S. from accidental CO poisoning.

CO is found in combustion fumes, such as those produced by small gasoline engines, stoves, generators, lanterns, and gas ranges, or by burning charcoal and wood. CO from these sources can build up in enclosed or partially enclosed spaces. People and animals in these spaces can be poisoned and can die from breathing CO.

How to Recognize CO Poisoning

Exposure to CO can cause loss of consciousness and death. The most common symptoms of CO poisoning are headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, chest pain, and confusion. People who are sleeping or who have been drinking alcohol can die from CO poisoning before ever having symptoms.

Image Important CO Poisoning Prevention Tips

Never use a gas range or oven to heat a home.
Never leave the motor running in a vehicle parked in an enclosed or partially enclosed space, such as a garage.
Never run a motor vehicle, generator, pressure washer, or any gasoline-powered engine outside an open window, door, or vent where exhaust can vent into an enclosed area.
Never run a generator, pressure washer, or any gasoline-powered engine inside a basement, garage, or other enclosed structure, even if the doors or windows are open, unless the equipment is professionally installed and vented. Keep vents and flues free of debris, especially if winds are high. Flying debris can block ventilation lines.
Never use a charcoal grill, hibachi, lantern, or portable camping stove inside a home, tent, or camper.
If conditions are too hot or too cold, seek shelter with friends or at a community shelter.
If CO poisoning is suspected, consult a health care professional right away.

Other Carbon Monoxide Resources

For educational materials, flyers, public service announcements, clinical guidance, and other resources, see Carbon Monoxide Poisoning After a Disaster.

NOTE: Cross Posted in Preparing Your Home » Fuel » Fuels - General Information


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 Post subject: Re: Generator Basics
PostPosted: Wed Aug 28, 2013 6:26 pm 
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Generator-General Info

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Electrical; generators and power
http://www.endtimesreport.com/electrical.html

Image Modern civilization is almost literally based on the use of electrical energy. We have become addicted to electricity and the marvelous devices it powers. Even if the electric grid goes down, we will still need to generate some electric power ourselves. Whole-house electrical generation to power standard appliances is a goal that is almost impossible to attain, but it is possible to generate enough electrical power for more modest uses.

(SNIP)

A standard gasoline or diesel powered generator is very useful, but to depend upon one to provide continuous power for a long time is not very realistic. The generator must also be ... CONTINUED at LINK, above...


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