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 Post subject: Toilets/Potties/Port-A-Potties: How to keep them Clean
PostPosted: Mon Dec 04, 2006 6:57 am 
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Joined: Tue Nov 21, 2006 2:42 pm
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Toilets/Potties/Port-A-Potties: Keeping Clean

Cedar Shavings
Also you can use the cedar shavings bags..available from any pet store. place 1 to 2 inches in the bottom of bucket , they come in bales at any pet store. cover with scoops of shavings after bowel movement, but minimal use after urine. Musky odor and will bio-degrade even with toilet paper. Use rake to insure air to help with bio-dergade. Makes " night soil which is great fertilzer on gardens after 2 yrs. 1 yr great on trees and bushes.
Lime
Lime dust will draw moisture if stored in a barn or shed, for longterm storage it must be kept very dry. Use in areas of emptying pottie bucket, which will be dumped in a hole.

(Source: Unknow)


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 Post subject: Sanitation . . . In An Emergency
PostPosted: Thu Dec 28, 2006 4:08 am 
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Department of Homeland Security, The National Terror Alert Response Center
http://www.nationalterroralert.com/sanitationhygiene/

The lack of sanitation facilities following major disaster can quickly create secondary problems unless basic guidelines are followed.

If the water lines are damaged or if damage is suspected, do not flush the toilet. Avoid digging holes in the ground and using these. Untreated raw sewage can pollute fresh ground water supplies. It also attracts flies and promotes the spread of diseases. Store a large supply of heavy-duty plastic bags, twist ties, disinfectant, and toilet paper

A good disinfectant that is easy to use is a solution of 1 part liquid bleach to 10 parts water. Dry bleach is caustic and not safe for this type of use.

If the toilet is NOT able to be flushed, it can still be used. This is less stressful for most people than using some other container. Remove all the bowl water. Line it with a heavy-duty plastic bag. When finished, add a small amount of deodorant or disinfectant, securely tie the bag, and dispose of it in a large trash can with a tight fitting lid. This large trash can should also be lined with a sturdy trash bag. Eventually, the city will provide a means to dispose of these bags.

Portable camp toilets, small trash cans or sturdy buckets lined with heavy-duty plastic bags can also be used. Those with tight fitting lids are best.


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 Post subject:
PostPosted: Thu Dec 28, 2006 4:19 am 
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Joined: Tue Nov 21, 2006 2:42 pm
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Department of Homeland Security, National Terror Alert Response Center
http://www.nationalterroralert.com/sanitationhygiene/

Emergency Sewage Disposal

Water flush toilets cannot be used when water service is interrupted. The water remaining in the fixture is not sufficient to flush the wastes down the sewer. Clogging may result and your living conditions then become just that much more uncomfortable.

Even if water is available, local authorities may ask you not to use flush toilets, wash basins, and other fixtures connected with soil pipes. The sewer mains may be broken or clogged, which would make it impossible to carry off such waste; or water may be needed for fire fighting or other emergencies. It is necessary for every family to know emergency methods of waste disposal in case such conditions arise.

Failure to properly dispose of human wastes can lead to epidemics of such diseases as typhoid, dysentery, and diarrhea. At the same time, sewage must be disposed of in ways that will prevent contamination of water supplies used for drinking, cooking, bathing, laundering, and other domestic purposes. Here are simple steps that any family can take to prevent such dangers and discomforts.

Temporary Toilet Provisions
Right after an emergency, or during one, you will probably not have the time and tools to prepare a complex emergency sanitation system. If there is a delay of several days in restoring sewage service to your neighborhood, you may find that disposal is a big problem. Your first task is to make some temporary toilet provision for your family, especially the children. Almost any covered metal or plastic container will do. You can use a covered pail, a 5-gallon bucket, or a small kitchen garbage container with a foot operated cover for an emergency toilet. Anything that has a cover and will hold the contents until you can dispose of them will serve for sanitary purposes at first.

Emergency Sewage Storage
Keep on the premises at least one extra 10-gallon garbage can or other waterproof container with a tight fitting cover. This should be lined with paper and/or a plastic bag. And the lid should be fastened to the can to prevent its loss. Such a can may be used for the emergency storage of body wastes until the public sewage system can be put back into action, or until other arrangements can be made. Empty your emergency toilet into this storage can as often as necessary. A small amount of household disinfectant should be added after each use. If you live in an apartment, you may not have a large garbage can or room to keep one. In that case, two smaller covered pails or other containers will do just as well.

Solutions for Apartment Dwellers
Persons in city apartments, office buildings, or homes without yards should keep a supply of waterproof paper containers on hand for emergency waste disposal. Where flush toilets cannot be used and open ground is not available for the construction of privies, such disposable containers offer a practical method of emergency waste collection and disposal. Building managers should plan for the collection of such containers and for their final disposal. Before collection, the used containers may be stored in tightly covered garbage cans or other water tight containers fitted with lids. Homemade soil bags for this purpose can be prepared very easily by putting one large grocery bag inside another, and a layer of shredded newspaper or other absorbent material between. You should have sufficient grocery bags on hand for possible emergencies. A supply of old newspapers will come in handy for other sanitary uses also, such as wrapping garbage and lining larger containers.

Controlling Odors and Insects
Insecticides and deodorants should be used when necessary to control odors and insects breeding in containers that cannot be emptied immediately. At least 2 pints of household bleach solution should be kept on hand for disinfecting purposes.

Other Supplies
Keep on hand an extra supply of toilet tissue, plus a supply of sanitary napkins. If there is illness in the house that requires rubber sheeting or other special sanitary equipment, make sure that adequate supplies are available. At least a week’s accumulation of daily newspapers will come in handy for insulating bedding from floors, and lining clothes against cold, as well as for the sanitary uses already mentioned.

Babies
If you have a baby in your home, you may find diaper laundering a problem under emergency conditions. It is best to keep an ample supply of disposable diapers on hand for emergency use. Or, any moisture resistant material can be cut and folded to diaper size and lined with absorbent material.


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 Post subject: Bucket Toilets & Lime
PostPosted: Thu Dec 28, 2006 4:26 am 
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Joined: Tue Nov 21, 2006 2:42 pm
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Originally Posted by Pegasus, AFT
http://www.avianflutalk.com/forum_posts.asp?TID=10100

Try using garden lime (not the little green citrus fruit) to control odor and aid decomposition of solid waste in your emergency toilet facility (bucket). Use just enough to cover the waste. If you are dumping the waste into another container or hole in the ground, then by all means rinse your bucket with a bleach solution. There should not be a high enough ammonia concentration in your urine to cause any more damage than plain bleach and it will be a LOT more user-friendly for the next person.
Be sure you are working in a well ventilated area. During a time of respiratory illness (or any time for that matter) the last thing you need is to burn the lining of your lungs with chlorine fumes - this also goes for the dry powder folks are getting for water purification.
If you have a cat or know someone who has a cat, consider using the 5-gallon type buckets that some cat litter comes in. You can rig it to use your regular toilet seat for seating (or purchase a spare in advance when someplace has a sale). I have a bucket filled with several rolls of toilet paper, a bunch of plastic trash bags for bucket liners (easier waste removal & transport), a bottle of bleach, a small box of tissues, and a bottle of hand sanitizer. Be sure to save the bucket lid! You'll want to be able to cover the bucket both while in storage and during times of need.


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 Post subject: flush toilet into an emergency toilet
PostPosted: Wed Jul 11, 2007 3:19 am 
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Joined: Tue Nov 21, 2006 2:42 pm
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Image
http://www.toiletology.com/Disaster-toilet.shtml

How to convert a flush toilet into an emergency toilet

How to convert a flush toilet into an emergency toilet.

    1. Line the inside of a toilet bowl, 5 gallon pail, or another appropriately sized waste container with two heavy-duty plastic garbage bags.

    2. Place kitty litter, fireplace ashes, or sawdust into the bottom of the bags.

    3. At the end of each day, the bagged waste should be securely tied and removed to a protected location such as a garage, basement, outbuilding, and so on, until a safe disposal option is available.

    4. Residents may dispose of the waste in a properly functioning public sewer, or septic system, or they may bury the waste on their own property.

Note: During a declared emergency . . . . --- CONTINUED at LINK, above ---


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